The Statue of Liberty (French: Statue la Liberté), officially titled Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La Liberté Éclairant le Monde), dedicated on October 28, 1886, is a monument commemorating the centennial of the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence, given to the United States by the people of France to represent the friendship between the two countries established during the American Revolution. It represents a woman wearing a stola, a radiant crown and sandals, trampling a broken chain, carrying a torch in her raised right hand and a tabula ansata tablet, where the date of the Declaration of Independence JULY IV MDCCLXXVI is inscribed, in her left arm. Standing on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, it welcomes visitors, immigrants, and returning Americans traveling by ship. Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi sculpted the statue and obtained a U.S. patent for its structure. Maurice Koechlinchief engineer of Gustave Eiffel’s engineering company and designer of the Eiffel Towerengineered the internal structure. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was responsible for the choice of copper in the statue’s construction and adoption of the repoussé technique, where a malleable metal is hammered on the reverse side.
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Statue of Liberty
What is the Statue of Liberty?
The Statue of Liberty is a large statue of the symbolic figure “Lady Liberty”, that stands on an island off the coast of New York City in New York State, United States. The building is one of the most iconic statues in the world, and a major symbol of the United States.
History of the Statue
The origin of the statue has been traced to a conversation between the French anti-slavery campaigner Édouard René de Laboulaye, and the sculptor Frédéric Bartholdi. He believed that the United States needed a monument to its independence, and that the French should gift one to them in the spirit of national fraternity.
Bartholdi was busy with a number of projects in France at the time, and then became involved in the Franco-Prussian war. It wasn’t until the 1870s that he was able to travel to the US to speak with Americans about the proposal. The architect met with then US President Ulysses S Grant, who was enthusiastic about the monument.
Design of the Statue
Figures of a female personification of Liberty appeared on American coinage and were prevalent in American culture at the time. The figure of “Columbia” had become a kind of American analogue of the British Britannia symbol. Eugene Delacroix’s painting Liberty Leading the People also served as inspiration.
The architect did not want the statue to symbolise violence and war, and decided to draw his Liberty standing still and clothed in long, flowing robes. His early models all showed a female figure in a neoclassical style, with an Ancient Roman style robe, looking something like a statue of a Pagan goddess. The broken chain around her feet was added last.
The designers decided to make the statue out of copper, as this would mean it was very light and easy to transport across the ocean from France. Sheets of copper were warmed and then struck with wooden hammers to beat out the shapes required. The final height was fixed at 150 feet.
Construction of the Statue
The head was made first in 1877, so that it would be done in time to exhibit at the 1878 Paris World’s Fair. Models of the statue were sold to raise funds for the rest.
Designer Viollet Le Duc, who had helped with the construction of the head and aloft arm, and was intending to connect these parts to the rest via masonry, suddenly died in 1879. The rest of the construction team had no idea how his planned masonry design was supposed to work.
Famed architect Gustav Eiffel, who created the Eiffel Tower, was brought in to consult. He decided to try a completely different construction method involving an iron framework. This hollow design meant staircases could be placed inside, allowing visitors to climb the inside of the statue.
Your 3D Models Building
After you buy your 3D models building, you will immediately be able to download them in a number of formats: DAE, 3DS, C4D and SKP.