Get 101 free 3D building models!

A total of 6.3 GB high quality 3D models in 3DS, C4D, SKP & DAE file format

Enter your name and email below. We will send you a high-quality 3D building model per week directly to your mailbox! All free, including the Borgund stave church.

We value your privacy and would never spam you

This is all included:

  1. 101 buildings! A list can be found here! > free version
  2. file format is 3DS, C4D, SKP & DAE > free version
  3. A total value is $18.313,- in Turbosquid > free version
  4. 6.3 Gigabyte 3D data + textures / materials > free version
  5. Royalty free! > free version
  6. 800 high-resolution renderings (2.4 GB) >> paid version
  7. 64 Full-HD Videos of landmarks (799 MB) >> paid version

There are 2 easy ways to 3D Building models!

 A complete list of 3D models can be found here: Click here!

Instant download for € 499, -

If you are in a hurry, you can download all 101 buildings (6.30 GB) immediately, for a fee of 499, - Euro. Buying in installments is possible!

You will receive a link to download all 101 3D building models (6.3 GB), 800 high-resolution renders (2.4 GB) plus 64 Full-HD Videos of landmarks (799 MB) after the purchase.

The purchase is absolutely safe. There you are the most common payment methods (Credit card, Paypal) available. You will also receive a 30-day money-back guarantee!

Click on the "Buy Now" button to get the complete package!

Free via weekly email

You get all 3D building models completely free in your email inbox! Every week you get a new 3D model to download, for free!

After registration you will receive a confirmation email that needs to be confirmed. Afterwards you will immediately receive an email with the download link for the first 3D model in all common file formats.

A complete list of all 3D models can be found here: click here!

buy now

Only 499, - €*

*including VAT. You have 30 days money-back guarantee. Payment can be made as a lump sum or in 3 installments. Our debited by DigiStore24.com on your account.

Find out more about the Borgund stave church

Borgund Stave Church
Borgund stavkyrkje
Borgund Stave Church in Lærdalen, 2013 June.jpg
Basic information
LocationBorgund, Lærdal, Norway
Geographic coordinates61°02′50″N 7°48′44″E / 61.04724°N 7.81224°E / 61.04724; 7.81224Coordinates: 61°02′50″N 7°48′44″E / 61.04724°N 7.81224°E / 61.04724; 7.81224
AffiliationChurch of Norway
CountryNorway
StatusMuseum
WebsiteWebsite of Borgund Stave Church
Architectural description
Architect(s)unknown
Architectural styleStave church
Completed12th century

Borgund Stave Church (Norwegian: Borgund stavkyrkje) is a stave church located in the village of Borgund in the municipality of Lærdal in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. It is classified as a triple nave stave church of the so-called Sogn-type. This is also the best preserved of Norway's 28 extant stave churches. The church is part of the Borgund parish in the Indre Sogn deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin, although it is no longer used regularly for church functions, it is now used as a museum and it is run by the Society for the Preservation of Ancient Norwegian Monuments.

Construction

Borgund Stave Church in Lærdalen

Borgund Stave Church was built sometime between 1180 and 1250 AD with later additions and restorations. Its walls are formed by vertical wooden boards, or staves, hence the name "stave church". The four corner posts were connected to one another by ground sills, resting on a stone foundation.[1] The rest of the staves then rise from the ground sills, each stave notched and grooved along the sides so that they lock into one another, forming a sturdy wall.[2]

Borgund is built on a basilica plan, with reduced side aisles, with an added chancel and apse.[3] It has a raised central nave demarcated on four sides by an arcade. An ambulatory runs around this platform and into the chancel and apse, both added in the 14th century. An additional ambulatory, in the form of a porch, runs around the exterior of the building, sheltered under the overhanging shingled roof. The floor plan of this church resembles that of a central plan, double-shelled Greek cross with an apse attached to one end in place of the fourth arm. The entries to the church are in the three arms of the almost-cross.

The ceiling is held up with "scissor beams" or two steeply angled supports crossing each other to form an X shape with a narrow top span and a broader bottom span. The lower ends of the X shape are joined by a bottom truss to prevent the X from collapsing. In the case of Borgund, an additional beam cuts across the X below the crossing point but above the bottom truss, for extra stability. This stabilizes the steeply pitched roof, consisting of horizontal boards covered in shingles. Originally, the roof would have been covered on the outside with boards running lengthwise, like the composition of the roof beneath it, however in later years wooden shingles became more common.[4] Scissor beam roof construction is typical of most stave churches.[5]

Bracing in the form of cross-shaped trusses also appears on the walls of the building itself, diagonal beams running up the walls from the floor to about level with the top of the arcade. Further crossing, this time in a more ornamental sense appears in the cross shaped carvings with medallions in the center, commonly dubbed "Saint Andrew's crosses" which run along the area above the arcade, in the visual "second story" that is not actually a gallery but is located where one is commonly put in large stone churches elsewhere in Europe at this time. Near these smaller crosses are the pincer beams, running between the columns to help further wedge everything firmly together. The most important bracing elements are the carved buttresses that are supported by knee joints and arc upward from the outer wall to the top of the arcade as these help to support the outward thrust on the stave walls.[6]

Borgund has tiered, overhanging roofs, topped with a tower. On the gables of the roof, there are four carved dragon heads, swooping from the carved roof ridge crests,[7] recalling the carved dragon heads found on the prows of Norse ships. Similar gable heads also appear on small bronze house shaped reliquaries common in Norway in this period.[7] Borgund's current dragon heads possibly date from the 18th century,[7] however original dragon heads remaining on earlier structures, such as Lom Stave Church and nearby Urnes Stave Church, the oldest still extant stave church, also in the Sogn district, suggest that there probably would have been similar dragon heads there at one time.[8] Borgund is one of the only churches to still have preserved its ridge crests, carved with openwork vine and vegetal repeating designs.[7] The dragons on top of the church were often used as a form of drainage.

Interior

Most of the internal fittings have been removed. Apart from the row of benches that are installed along the wall inside the church in the ambulatory outside of the arcade and raised platform, a soapstone font, an altar (with 17th-century altarpiece), a 16th-century lectern, and a 16th-century cupboard for storing altar vessels there is little else in the building. After the Reformation, when the church was converted for Protestant worship, pews, a pulpit and other standard church furnishings were included, however these have been removed since the building has come under the protection of the Fortidsminneforeningen (The Society for the Preservation of Norwegian Ancient Monuments). There would have been more artwork in the building, most likely in the form of statues and crucifixes, as remain in a few other churches, but these are now lost.

Runic inscriptions

Several runic inscriptions are found on the walls of the church. One reads: Thor wrote these runes in the evening at the St. Olav's Mass, and another one reads "Ave Maria" and you will find these at the west portal of the church.

Management

A new Borgund Church was built in 1868 right next to the old church, and the old church has not been in ordinary use since that year. Borgund Stave Church was bought by the Society for the Preservation of Ancient Norwegian Monuments in 1877. The first guidebook in English for the stave church was published in 1898.

Legacy

The church served as the inspiring example for the reconstruction of the Fantoft Stave Church in Fana, Bergen, in 1883 and also for its rebuilding in 1997. The Gustav Adolf Stave Church in Hahnenklee, Germany, built in 1908, is modeled on the Borgund church. There is also a replica of the Borgund stave church in Rapid City, South Dakota, United States.

References

  1. ^ "Borgund Stave Church". Fortidsminneforeningen (The Society for the Preservation of Norwegian Ancient Monuments). Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  2. ^ Hauglid (1970), p. 99.
  3. ^ Hauglid (1970), p. 32.
  4. ^ Hauglid (1970), p. 12.
  5. ^ Hauglid (1970)
  6. ^ Hauglid (1970), p. 104.
  7. ^ a b c d Hohler (1999), p. 69.
  8. ^ Hauglid (1970), p. 13

Bibliography

External links

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borgund_Stave_Church

YES, give me the 101 buildings, now!

What are you waiting for? Get the best deal you've ever scored. Unfortunately, we can not guarantee that the offer is still online. Take your chance now and save up to 18,000 dollars with a single click!

buy now

Only 499, - €*

*including VAT. You have 30 days money-back guarantee. Payment can be made as a lump sum or in 3 installments. Our debited by DigiStore24.com on your account.

NO, first I want to test the free offer!

Enter your name and email below. We will send you a high-quality 3D building model per week directly to your mailbox! All free, including the Borgund stave church.

We value your privacy and would never spam you